MicroStrategy Incorporated
MICROSTRATEGY INC (Form: 10-Q, Received: 04/27/2017 16:21:28)

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2017

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from            to           

Commission File Number 000-24435

MICROSTRATEGY INCORPORATED

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

51-0323571

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

1850 Towers Crescent Plaza, Tysons Corner, VA

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

22182

(Zip Code)

(703) 848-8600

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes       No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes       No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes       No  

The number of shares of the registrant’s class A common stock and class B common stock outstanding on April 18, 2017 was 9,406,910 and 2,035,184, respectively.

 

 


MICROSTRATEGY INCORPORATED

FORM 10-Q

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

 

Page

PART I.

 

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Financial Statements (unaudited except for the Consolidated Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2016, which was derived from audited financial statements)

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2017 and 2016

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2017 and 2016

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2017 and 2016

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

5

 

 

 

 

Item 2.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

14

 

 

 

 

Item 3.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

28

 

 

 

 

Item 4.

 

Controls and Procedures

29

 

 

 

 

PART II.

 

OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Legal Proceedings

30

 

 

 

 

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

30

 

 

 

 

Item 2.

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

42

 

 

 

 

Item 5.

 

Other Information

43

 

 

 

 

Item 6.

 

Exhibits

43

 

 

 

 


PART I - FINANCI AL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

MICROSTRATEGY INCORPORATED

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

358,676

 

 

$

401,975

 

Restricted cash

 

 

851

 

 

 

737

 

Short-term investments

 

 

259,816

 

 

 

187,408

 

Accounts receivable, net

 

 

73,394

 

 

 

83,319

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

11,718

 

 

 

11,548

 

Total current assets

 

 

704,455

 

 

 

684,987

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

55,811

 

 

 

57,436

 

Capitalized software development costs, net

 

 

6,998

 

 

 

8,497

 

Deposits and other assets

 

 

5,639

 

 

 

5,695

 

Deferred tax assets, net

 

 

13,633

 

 

 

11,704

 

Total assets

 

$

786,536

 

 

$

768,319

 

Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

$

20,794

 

 

$

36,628

 

Accrued compensation and employee benefits

 

 

33,111

 

 

 

43,323

 

Deferred revenue and advance payments

 

 

132,047

 

 

 

105,535

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

185,952

 

 

 

185,486

 

Deferred revenue and advance payments

 

 

12,634

 

 

 

13,915

 

Other long-term liabilities

 

 

15,614

 

 

 

16,447

 

Deferred tax liabilities

 

 

300

 

 

 

294

 

Total liabilities

 

 

214,500

 

 

 

216,142

 

Commitments and Contingencies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders' Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock undesignated, $0.001 par value; 5,000 shares authorized; no shares issued or outstanding

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

Class A common stock, $0.001 par value; 330,000 shares authorized; 15,812 shares issued and 9,407 shares outstanding, and 15,805 shares issued and 9,400 shares outstanding, respectively

 

 

16

 

 

 

16

 

Class B convertible common stock, $0.001 par value; 165,000 shares authorized; 2,035 shares issued and outstanding, and 2,035 shares issued and outstanding, respectively

 

 

2

 

 

 

2

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

548,184

 

 

 

543,974

 

Treasury stock, at cost; 6,405 shares

 

 

(475,184

)

 

 

(475,184

)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

 

(9,961

)

 

 

(10,743

)

Retained earnings

 

 

508,979

 

 

 

494,112

 

Total stockholders' equity

 

 

572,036

 

 

 

552,177

 

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

 

$

786,536

 

 

$

768,319

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

1


MICROSTRATEGY INCORPORATED

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

(unaudited)

 

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Product licenses

 

$

21,012

 

 

$

22,399

 

Subscription services

 

 

7,772

 

 

 

7,354

 

Total product licenses and subscription services

 

 

28,784

 

 

 

29,753

 

Product support

 

 

70,490

 

 

 

68,497

 

Other services

 

 

21,302

 

 

 

20,765

 

Total revenues

 

 

120,576

 

 

 

119,015

 

Cost of revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Product licenses

 

 

1,672

 

 

 

2,136

 

Subscription services

 

 

3,039

 

 

 

3,092

 

Total product licenses and subscription services

 

 

4,711

 

 

 

5,228

 

Product support

 

 

4,334

 

 

 

3,273

 

Other services

 

 

14,087

 

 

 

14,322

 

Total cost of revenues

 

 

23,132

 

 

 

22,823

 

Gross profit

 

 

97,444

 

 

 

96,192

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sales and marketing

 

 

39,410

 

 

 

36,577

 

Research and development

 

 

18,426

 

 

 

17,575

 

General and administrative

 

 

20,257

 

 

 

22,219

 

Restructuring costs

 

 

0

 

 

 

25

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

78,093

 

 

 

76,396

 

Income from operations

 

 

19,351

 

 

 

19,796

 

Interest income, net

 

 

837

 

 

 

403

 

Other expense, net

 

 

(1,856

)

 

 

(1,668

)

Income before income taxes

 

 

18,332

 

 

 

18,531

 

Provision for income taxes

 

 

3,465

 

 

 

4,259

 

Net income

 

 

14,867

 

 

 

14,272

 

Basic earnings per share (1)

 

$

1.30

 

 

$

1.25

 

Weighted average shares outstanding used in computing basic earnings per share

 

 

11,439

 

 

 

11,408

 

Diluted earnings per share (1)

 

$

1.28

 

 

$

1.24

 

Weighted average shares outstanding used in computing diluted earnings per share

 

 

11,593

 

 

 

11,479

 

 

(1)

Basic and fully diluted earnings per share for class A and class B common stock are the same.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

2


MICROSTRATEGY INCORPORATED

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(in thousands)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

(unaudited)

 

Net income

 

$

14,867

 

 

$

14,272

 

Other comprehensive income, net of applicable taxes:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

 

812

 

 

 

669

 

Unrealized loss on short-term investments

 

 

(30

)

 

 

(7

)

Total other comprehensive income

 

 

782

 

 

 

662

 

Comprehensive income

 

$

15,649

 

 

$

14,934

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

3


MICROSTRATEGY INCORPORATED

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in thousands)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

(unaudited)

 

Operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

14,867

 

 

$

14,272

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

3,818

 

 

 

4,553

 

Bad debt expense

 

 

1,044

 

 

 

531

 

Deferred taxes

 

 

(1,812

)

 

 

688

 

Share-based compensation expense

 

 

3,115

 

 

 

1,504

 

Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation arrangements

 

 

0

 

 

 

(1,266

)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

9,584

 

 

 

11,915

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

(58

)

 

 

(3,551

)

Deposits and other assets

 

 

75

 

 

 

4

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

 

(16,295

)

 

 

(3,093

)

Accrued compensation and employee benefits

 

 

(10,795

)

 

 

(4,083

)

Accrued restructuring costs

 

 

0

 

 

 

(26

)

Deferred revenue and advance payments

 

 

23,811

 

 

 

30,065

 

Other long-term liabilities

 

 

(833

)

 

 

(686

)

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

26,521

 

 

 

50,827

 

Investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from redemption of short-term investments

 

 

91,140

 

 

 

63,500

 

Purchases of property and equipment

 

 

(820

)

 

 

(193

)

Purchases of short-term investments

 

 

(163,421

)

 

 

(97,417

)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(73,101

)

 

 

(34,110

)

Financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from sale of class A common stock under exercise of employee stock options

 

 

1,095

 

 

 

241

 

Payment of taxes relating to net exercise of employee stock options

 

 

0

 

 

 

(3,739

)

Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation arrangements

 

 

0

 

 

 

1,266

 

Payments on capital lease obligations and other financing arrangements

 

 

(6

)

 

 

(122

)

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

 

 

1,089

 

 

 

(2,354

)

Effect of foreign exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash

 

 

2,306

 

 

 

2,266

 

Net (decrease) increase in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash

 

 

(43,185

)

 

 

16,629

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period

 

 

402,712

 

 

 

292,959

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period

 

$

359,527

 

 

$

309,588

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

 

4


MICROSTRATEGY INCORPORATED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited)

 

(1) Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

(a)

Basis of Presentation

Except for the Consolidated Balance Sheet of MicroStrategy Incorporated (“MicroStrategy” or the “Company”) as of December 31, 2016, which was derived from audited financial statements, the accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements are unaudited.  In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for a fair statement of such financial position and results of operations have been included.  All such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature, unless otherwise disclosed.  Interim results are not necessarily indicative of results for a full year.

Certain amounts in the prior year’s Consolidated Financial Statements have been reclassified to conform to current year presentation.  Changes in restricted cash have been removed from investing activities in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows; instead, restricted cash has been included with total cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning and end of period amounts, as discussed in Note 2, Recent Accounting Standards, to the Consolidated Financial Statements.  

The Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are presented as required by the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and do not contain certain information included in the Company’s annual financial statements and notes.  These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited financial statements and the notes thereto filed with the SEC in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016.  There have been no significant changes in the Company’s accounting policies since December 31, 2016, except as discussed in Note 2, Recent Accounting Standards, to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

The accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries.  All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.  The Company is not aware of any subsequent event which would require recognition or disclosure.

 

 

(2) Recent Accounting Standards

In March 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-09, Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting (“ASU 2016-09”), to simplify certain aspects of accounting for share-based payment transactions.  Under ASU 2016-09, all excess tax benefits should be recognized as income tax expense or benefit in the income statement, regardless of whether the benefit reduces taxes payable in the current period.  The excess tax benefits will be combined with other income tax cash flows within operating activities in the statement of cash flows.  In addition, excess tax benefits or tax deficiencies will no longer be included in the calculation of assumed proceeds under the treasury stock method of computing diluted earnings per share. ASU 2016-09 also allows companies to make an accounting policy election to either estimate the number of awards expected to vest or to account for forfeitures as they occur, when accruing share-based compensation expense. Lastly, ASU 2016-09 permits employers to withhold up to the employee’s maximum statutory tax rate in applicable jurisdictions and still qualify for the exception to liability classification. Cash paid by an employer when directly withholding shares for tax-withholding purposes should be classified as a financing activity in the statement of cash flows. The Company adopted this guidance on January 1, 2017 and has:

 

(i)

recognized excess tax benefits as part of the “Provision for income taxes” line item within income before income taxes in the Consolidated Statements of Operations, on a prospective basis.  

 

(ii)

combined the impact of excess tax benefits with the “Deferred taxes” line item within operating activities in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, on a prospective basis.  

 

(iii)

excluded excess tax benefits or tax deficiencies in the calculation of the Company’s diluted earnings per share, on a prospective basis; and  

 

(iv)

made an accounting policy election to account for forfeitures as they occur, on a modified retrospective basis, the impact of which is generally consistent with the Company’s previous method of estimating forfeitures.  

No prior periods have been adjusted with respect to the Company’s adoption of ASU 2016-09.  In addition, no cumulative-effect adjustments to retained earnings have been recorded as of the beginning of the period because there were no unrecognized excess tax benefits or tax deficiencies outstanding and no expected forfeitures applied to our share-based compensation expense as of the end of the preceding year.  The remaining amendments under ASU 2016-09 did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations, and cash flows.

5


MICROSTRATEGY INCORPORATED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited)

 

In November 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-18, Statement of Ca sh Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash (a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force) (“ASU 2016-18”), to address the diversity in practice that currently exists regarding the classification and presentation of changes in restricted cash on the statem ent of cash flows. Under ASU 2016-18, entities will be required to include restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents with total cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning and end of period amounts on the statement of cash flows. Entitie s will also be required to disclose information about the nature of their restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents. Additionally, if cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents are presented in more than one line item in the statement of financial position, entities will be required to present a reconciliation, either on the face of the statement of cash flows or disclosed in the notes, of the totals in the statement of cash flows to the related line item captions in the s tatement of financial position. The Company adopted this guidance on January 1, 2017 and retrospectively applied the required updates to its Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for all periods presented. The Company does not consider its restricted cash balances to be material for further disclosure or reconciliation. The adoption of this guidance did not impact the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations, and footnote disclosures.

In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) (“ASU 2014-09”), which supersedes nearly all existing revenue recognition guidance.  The standard’s core principle is that an entity should recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.  The standard creates a five-step model to achieve its core principle: (i) identify the contract(s) with a customer; (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the separate performance obligations in the contract; and (v) recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation.  In addition, entities must disclose sufficient information to enable users of financial statements to understand the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers.  Qualitative and quantitative disclosures are required about: (i) the entity’s contracts with customers; (ii) the significant judgments, and changes in judgments, made in applying the guidance to those contracts; and (iii) any assets recognized from the costs to obtain or fulfill a contract with a customer.  In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) – Deferral of the Effective Date, which defers the effective date of ASU 2014-09 to interim and annual periods beginning January 1, 2018.  The standard allows entities to apply the standard retrospectively to each prior reporting period presented (“full retrospective adoption”) or retrospectively with the cumulative effect of initially applying the standard recognized at the date of initial application (“modified retrospective adoption”).  The Company plans to adopt this guidance on January 1, 2018 and expects adoption using the full retrospective method, which is dependent on system readiness and the Company’s ability to timely compile necessary information related to prior periods.  The Company is currently in the process of determining the impact of the new revenue recognition guidance on its revenue transactions, including any impacts on associated processes, systems, and internal controls.  The Company’s evaluation has included determining whether the unit of account (i.e., performance obligations) will change as compared to current GAAP, as well as determining the standalone selling price of each performance obligation.  Standalone selling prices under the new guidance may not be substantially different from the Company’s current methodologies of establishing VSOE of fair value on multiple element arrangements. Based on initial assessments, the Company has identified certain arrangements where revenue may be recognized earlier as compared to current GAAP, in particular term licenses and sales to resellers and OEMs who purchase the Company’s products for resale. The Company expects to recognize license revenue from term licenses upon delivery of the software, rather than over the term of the arrangement.  For reseller and OEM deals, the Company expects to recognize revenue when it transfers control of the products to the reseller or OEM, less potential adjustments for returns or price protection, rather than waiting for the reseller or OEM to sell the products to an end user.  The Company expects to begin capitalizing certain sales commissions upon adoption of the new standard and is currently in the process of evaluating the period over which to amortize these capitalized costs. The Company continues to evaluate the impact of this guidance and its subsequent amendments on its consolidated financial position, results of operations, and cash flows, and any preliminary assessments, including the adoption method, are subject to change.

In February 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) (“ASU 2016-02”), which requires lease assets and lease liabilities be recognized for all leases, in addition to the disclosure of key information to enable users of financial statements to assess the amount, timing, and uncertainty of cash flows arising from an entity’s leasing arrangements.  ASU 2016-02 defines a lease as a contract, or part of a contract, that conveys both (i) the right to obtain economic benefits from and (ii) direct the use of an identified asset for a period of time in exchange for consideration.  Under ASU 2016-02, leases are classified as either finance or operating leases. For finance leases, a lessee shall recognize in profit or loss the amortization of the lease asset and interest on the lease liability.  For operating leases, a lessee shall recognize in profit or loss a single lease cost, calculated so that the remaining cost of the lease is allocated over the remaining lease term, generally on a straight-line basis.  ASU 2016-02 requires the recognition and measurement of leases at the beginning of the earliest period presented using a modified retrospective approach and is effective for interim and annual periods beginning January 1, 2019.  Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this guidance on its consolidated financial position, results of operations, and cash flows.

6


MICROSTRATEGY INCORPORATED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited)

 

In October 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-16, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory (“ASU 2016-16”), to improve the accou nting for income tax effects of intra-entity transfers of assets other than inventory. Under ASU 2016-16, the deferral of the income tax consequences of intra-entity transfers of assets other than inventory is eliminated. Entities will be required to recog nize the income tax consequences of intra-entity transfers of assets other than inventory when the transfers occur. The standard requires a cumulative-effect adjustment directly to retained earnings as of the beginning of the period of adoption using a mod ified retrospective approach. ASU 2016-16 is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted ; however , an entity can only adopt the guidance in the first interim period of a fiscal year. The Company e xpects to adopt this guidance on January 1, 2018 and is currently evaluating the impact of this guidance on its consolidated financial position, results of operations, and cash flows.

 

 

(3) Fair Value Measurements

The Company estimates the fair value of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued expenses, and accrued compensation and employee benefits.  The Company considers the carrying value of these instruments in the financial statements to approximate fair value due to their short maturities.

 

 

(4) Short-term Investments

The Company periodically invests a portion of its excess cash in short-term investment instruments.  Substantially all of the Company’s short-term investments are in U.S. Treasury securities and certificates of deposit, and the Company has the ability and intent to hold these investments to maturity.  The stated maturity dates of these investments are between three months and one year from the purchase date.  These held-to-maturity investments are recorded at amortized cost and included within “Short-term investments” on the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets.  The fair value of held-to-maturity investments in U.S. Treasury securities and certificates of deposit is determined based on quoted market prices in active markets for identical securities (Level 1 inputs).

The amortized cost, carrying value, and fair value of held-to-maturity investments at March 31, 2017 were $259.8 million, $259.8 million, and $259.7 million, respectively.  The amortized cost, carrying value, and fair value of held-to-maturity investments at December 31, 2016 were $187.3 million, $187.3 million, and $187.3 million, respectively.  The gross unrecognized holding gains and losses were not material for each of the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016.  No other-than-temporary impairments related to these investments have been recognized as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016.  As of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company’s available-for-sale investments were not material.

 

 

(5) Accounts Receivable

Accounts receivable (in thousands) consisted of the following, as of:

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Billed and billable

 

$

156,220

 

 

$

188,038

 

Less: unpaid deferred revenue

 

 

(78,677

)

 

 

(101,538

)

Accounts receivable, gross

 

 

77,543

 

 

 

86,500

 

Less: allowance for doubtful accounts

 

 

(4,149

)

 

 

(3,181

)

Accounts receivable, net

 

$

73,394

 

 

$

83,319

 

 

The Company offsets its accounts receivable and deferred revenue for any unpaid items included in deferred revenue and advance payments.

The Company maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts which represents its best estimate of probable losses inherent in the accounts receivable balances.  The Company evaluates specific accounts when it becomes aware that a customer may not be able to meet its financial obligations due to deterioration of its liquidity or financial viability, credit ratings, or bankruptcy.  In addition, the Company periodically adjusts this allowance based on its review and assessment of the aging of receivables.

 

 

7


MICROSTRATEGY INCORPORATED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited)

 

(6) Deferred Revenue and Advance Payments

Deferred revenue and advance payments (in thousands) from customers consisted of the following, as of:

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Current:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deferred product licenses revenue

 

$

11,305

 

 

$

13,023

 

Deferred subscription services revenue

 

 

18,139

 

 

 

18,303

 

Deferred product support revenue

 

 

167,933

 

 

 

162,781

 

Deferred other services revenue

 

 

9,210

 

 

 

10,015

 

Gross current deferred revenue and advance payments

 

 

206,587

 

 

 

204,122

 

Less: unpaid deferred revenue

 

 

(74,540

)

 

 

(98,587

)

Net current deferred revenue and advance payments

 

$

132,047

 

 

$

105,535

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deferred product licenses revenue

 

$

8,455

 

 

$

9,118

 

Deferred subscription services revenue

 

 

961

 

 

 

1,307

 

Deferred product support revenue

 

 

6,595

 

 

 

5,751

 

Deferred other services revenue

 

 

760

 

 

 

690

 

Gross non-current deferred revenue and advance payments

 

 

16,771

 

 

 

16,866

 

Less: unpaid deferred revenue

 

 

(4,137

)

 

 

(2,951

)

Net non-current deferred revenue and advance payments

 

$

12,634

 

 

$

13,915

 

 

The Company offsets its accounts receivable and deferred revenue for any unpaid items included in deferred revenue and advance payments.

 

 

(7) Commitments and Contingencies

(a) Commitments

From time to time, the Company enters into certain types of contracts that require it to indemnify parties against third-party claims.  These contracts primarily relate to agreements under which the Company assumes indemnity obligations for intellectual property infringement, as well as other obligations from time to time depending on arrangements negotiated with customers and other third parties.  The conditions of these obligations vary.  Thus, the overall maximum amount of the Company’s indemnification obligations cannot be reasonably estimated.  Historically, the Company has not been obligated to make significant payments for these obligations and does not currently expect to incur any material obligations in the future.  Accordingly, the Company has not recorded an indemnification liability on its balance sheets as of March 31, 2017 or December 31, 2016.

The Company leases office space and computer and other equipment under operating lease agreements.  It also leases certain computer and other equipment under capital lease agreements and licenses certain software under other financing arrangements.  Under the lease agreements, in addition to base rent, the Company is generally responsible for certain taxes, utilities and maintenance costs, and other fees; and several leases include options for renewal or purchase.  The Company leases approximately 214,000 square feet of office space at a location in Northern Virginia that began serving as its corporate headquarters in October 2010. The term of the lease expires in December 2020.

At March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, deferred rent of $11.4 million and $12.3 million, respectively, was included in other long-term liabilities, and $3.6 million and $3.5 million, respectively, was included in current accrued expenses.

(b) Contingencies

In December 2011, DataTern, Inc. (“DataTern”) filed a complaint for patent infringement against the Company in the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts (the “District Court”). The complaint alleged that the Company infringes U.S. Patent No. 6,101,502 (the “’502 Patent”), allegedly owned by DataTern, by making, selling, or offering for sale several of the Company’s products and services including MicroStrategy 9™, MicroStrategy Intelligence Server™, MicroStrategy Business Intelligence

8


MICROSTRATEGY INCORPORATED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited)

 

Platform™, MicroStrategy Cloud Personal, and other MicroStrategy applications for creating or using data mining, dashboards, business analytics, data storage and warehousing, and w eb hosting support.  The complaint accused t he Company of willful infringement and sought an unspecified amount of damages, an award of attorneys’ fees, and preliminary and permanent injunctive relief.  In light of a judgment in a separate action involving DataTern in another jurisdiction, in Februa ry 2013, MicroStrategy and DataTern filed motions for summary judgment of non-infringement and the District Court entered summary judgment against DataTern.  In March 2013, DataTern filed a notice of appeal with the United States Court of Appeals for the F ederal Circuit (the “Federal Circuit”).  In December 2014, the Federal Circuit issued an opinion vacating the District Court’s summary judgment, stating that the claim construction on which the summary judgment was based was incorrect. In January 2015, th e case was remanded to the District Court for further proceedings.   A claim construction ruling was issued in February 2017 .  The Company has received indemnification requests from certain of its channel partners and customers who were sued by DataTern in the District Court in lawsuits alleging infringement of the 502 Patent.  The proceedings against these channel partners and customers have been stayed pending the resolution of DataTern’s lawsuit against the Company.  The outcome of these matters is not p resently determinable, and the Company cannot make a reasonable estimate of the possible loss or range of loss with respect to these matters at this time.  Accordingly, no estimated liability for these matters has been accrued in the accompanying Consolida ted Financial Statements.

The Company is also involved in various other legal proceedings arising in the normal course of business. Although the outcomes of these other legal proceedings are inherently difficult to predict, management does not expect the resolution of these other legal proceedings to have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

The Company has contingent liabilities that, in management’s judgment, are not probable of assertion.  If such unasserted contingent liabilities were to be asserted, or become probable of assertion, the Company may be required to record significant expenses and liabilities in the period in which these liabilities are asserted or become probable of assertion.

 

 

(8) Treasury Stock

The Board of Directors has authorized the Company’s repurchase of up to an aggregate of $800.0 million of its class A common stock from time to time on the open market through April 29, 2018 (the “2005 Share Repurchase Program”), although the program may be suspended or discontinued by the Company at any time.  The timing and amount of any shares repurchased will be determined by the Company’s management based on its evaluation of market conditions and other factors.  The 2005 Share Repurchase Program may be funded using the Company’s working capital, as well as proceeds from any other funding arrangements that the Company may enter into in the future.  During the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company did not repurchase any shares of its class A common stock pursuant to the 2005 Share Repurchase Program.  As of March 31, 2017, the Company had repurchased an aggregate of 3,826,947 shares of its class A common stock at an average price per share of $90.23 and an aggregate cost of $345.3 million.  The average price per share and aggregate cost amounts disclosed above include broker commissions.

 

 

(9) Income Taxes

The Company and its subsidiaries conduct business in the United States and various foreign countries and are subject to taxation in numerous domestic and foreign jurisdictions.  As a result of its business activities, the Company files tax returns that are subject to examination by various federal, state and local, and foreign tax authorities.  With few exceptions, the Company is no longer subject to U.S. federal, state and local, or foreign income tax examination by tax authorities for years before 2013.  However, due to its use of state net operating loss (“NOL”) and federal tax credit carryovers in the United States, U.S. tax authorities may attempt to reduce or fully offset the amount of state NOL or federal tax credit carryovers from tax years ended 2006 and forward that were used in later tax years.  The Company’s major foreign tax jurisdictions and tax years that remain subject to potential examination are Germany for tax years 2013 and forward, Poland and China for tax years 2012 and forward, Spain for tax years 2013 and forward, and the United Kingdom for tax years 2015 and forward.  To date there have been no material audit assessments related to audits in any of the applicable foreign jurisdictions.

As of March 31, 2017, the Company had unrecognized tax benefits of $3.6 million, which are recorded in “Other long-term liabilities” in the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheet.  If recognized, $2.8 million of these unrecognized tax benefits would impact the effective tax rate.  The Company recognizes estimated accrued interest related to unrecognized income tax benefits in the provision for income tax accounts.  Penalties relating to income taxes, if incurred, would also be recognized as a component of the Company’s provision for income taxes.  Over the next 12 months, the amount of the Company’s liability for unrecognized tax benefits is not expected to change by a material amount.  As of March 31, 2017, the amount of cumulative accrued interest expense on unrecognized income tax benefits was approximately $0.5 million.

9


MICROSTRATEGY INCORPORATED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited)

 

The following table summarizes the Company’s deferred tax assets, net of deferred tax liabilities and valuation allowance (in thousands), as of:

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Deferred tax assets, net of deferred tax liabilities

 

$

14,165

 

 

$

12,242

 

Valuation allowance

 

 

(832

)

 

 

(832

)

Deferred tax assets, net of deferred tax liabilities and valuation allowance

 

$

13,333

 

 

$

11,410

 

 

The valuation allowance as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 primarily related to certain foreign tax credit carryforwards that, in our present estimation, more likely than not will not be realized.

The Company has estimated its annual effective tax rate for the full fiscal year 2017 and applied that rate to its income before income taxes in determining its provision for income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2017.  The Company also records discrete items in each respective period as appropriate.  The estimated effective tax rate is subject to fluctuation based on the level and mix of earnings and losses by tax jurisdiction, foreign tax rate differentials, and the relative impact of permanent book to tax differences (e.g., non-deductible expenses).  Each quarter, a cumulative adjustment is recorded for any fluctuations in the estimated annual effective tax rate as compared to the prior quarter.  As a result of these factors, and due to potential changes in the Company’s period-to-period results, fluctuations in the Company’s effective tax rate and respective tax provisions or benefits may occur.

For the three months ended March 31, 2017, the Company recorded a provision for income taxes of $3.5 million that resulted in an effective tax rate of 18.9%, as compared to a provision for income taxes of $4.3 million that resulted in an effective tax rate of 23.0% for the three months ended March 31, 2016. The change in the effective tax rate in 2017 is mainly due to the change in the expected proportion of U.S. versus foreign income and certain discrete tax benefits.

Except as discussed below, the Company intends to indefinitely reinvest its undistributed earnings of all of its foreign subsidiaries.  Therefore, the annualized effective tax rate applied to the Company’s pre-tax income does not include any provision for U.S. federal and state income taxes on the amount of the undistributed foreign earnings.  U.S. federal tax laws, however, require the Company to include in its U.S. taxable income certain investment income earned outside of the United States in excess of certain limits (“Subpart F deemed dividends”).  Because Subpart F deemed dividends are already required to be recognized in the Company’s U.S. federal income tax return, the Company regularly repatriates Subpart F deemed dividends to the United States and no additional tax is incurred on the distribution.  As of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the amount of cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments held by the Company’s U.S. entities was $288.2 million and $279.8 million, respectively, and by the Company’s non-U.S. entities was $330.3 million and $309.6 million, respectively.  If the cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments held by the Company’s non-U.S. entities were to be repatriated to the United States, the Company would generate U.S. taxable income to the extent of the Company’s undistributed foreign earnings, which amounted to $322.0 million at December 31, 2016.  Although the tax impact of repatriating these earnings is difficult to determine, the Company does not expect the maximum effective tax rate applicable to such repatriation to exceed the U.S. statutory rate of 35.0%, after considering applicable foreign tax credits.

In determining the Company’s provision for or benefit from income taxes, net deferred tax assets, liabilities, and valuation allowances, management is required to make judgments and estimates related to projections of domestic and foreign profitability, the timing and extent of the utilization of NOL carryforwards, applicable tax rates, transfer pricing methods, and prudent and feasible tax planning strategies.  As a multinational company, the Company is required to calculate and provide for estimated income tax liabilities for each of the tax jurisdictions in which it operates.  This process involves estimating current tax obligations and exposures in each jurisdiction, as well as making judgments regarding the future recoverability of deferred tax assets.  Changes in the estimated level of annual pre-tax income, changes in tax laws, particularly changes related to the utilization of NOLs in various jurisdictions, and changes resulting from tax audits can all affect the overall effective income tax rate which, in turn, impacts the overall level of income tax expense or benefit and net income.

Judgments and estimates related to the Company’s projections and assumptions are inherently uncertain. Therefore, actual results could differ materially from projections.  The timing and manner in which the Company will use research and development tax credit carryforward tax assets, alternative minimum tax credit carryforward tax assets, and foreign tax credit carryforward tax assets in any year, or in total, may be limited by provisions of the Internal Revenue Code regarding changes in the Company’s ownership.  Currently, the Company expects to use these tax assets, subject to Internal Revenue Code limitations, within the carryforward periods.  Valuation allowances have been established where the Company has concluded that it is more likely than not that such deferred tax assets are not realizable.  If the Company is unable to sustain profitability in future periods, it may be required to increase the

10


MICROSTRATEGY INCORPORATED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited)

 

valuation allowance against the deferred tax assets, which could result in a charge that woul d materially adversely affect net income in the period in which the charge is incurred.

 

 

(10) Share-based Compensation

The Company’s 2013 Stock Incentive Plan (as amended, the “2013 Equity Plan”) authorizes the issuance of various types of share-based awards to the Company’s employees, officers, directors, and other eligible participants.  As of March 31, 2017, the total number of shares of the Company’s class A common stock authorized for issuance under the 2013 Equity Plan was 1,700,000 shares.

During the first quarter of 2017, stock options to purchase an aggregate of 90,000 shares of class A common stock were granted to certain Company employees pursuant to the 2013 Equity Plan. As of March 31, 2017, there were options to purchase 939,033 shares of class A common stock outstanding under the 2013 Equity Plan.  As of March 31, 2017, there were 542,500 remaining shares of class A common stock authorized for future issuance under the 2013 Equity Plan.

The following table summarizes the Company’s stock option activity (in thousands, except per share data and years) for the three months ended March 31, 2017:

 

 

 

Stock Options Outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted Average

 

 

Aggregate

 

 

Weighted Average

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercise Price

 

 

Intrinsic

 

 

Remaining Contractual

 

 

Shares

 

 

Per Share

 

 

Value

 

 

Term (Years)

Balance as of January 1, 2017

 

 

886

 

 

$

143.89

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Granted

 

 

90

 

 

 

189.16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

 

(7

)

 

 

160.88

 

 

$

212

 

 

 

Forfeited/Expired

 

 

(30

)

 

 

201.25

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance as of March 31, 2017

 

 

939

 

 

$

146.27

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercisable as of March 31, 2017

 

 

374

 

 

$

137.67

 

 

$

19,119

 

 

7.4

Expected to vest as of March 31, 2017

 

 

565

 

 

$

151.97

 

 

 

21,073

 

 

7.9

Total

 

 

939

 

 

$

146.27

 

 

$

40,192

 

 

7.7

 

Stock options outstanding as of March 31, 2017 are comprised of the following range of exercise prices per share (in thousands, except per share data and years):

 

 

 

Stock Options Outstanding at March 31, 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted Average

 

 

Weighted Average

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercise Price

 

 

Remaining Contractual

 

Range of Exercise Prices per Share

 

Shares

 

 

Per Share

 

 

Term (Years)

 

$117.85 - $120.00

 

 

30

 

 

$

118.63

 

 

7.1

 

$120.01 - $150.00

 

 

510

 

 

$

121.43

 

 

7.1

 

$150.01 - $180.00

 

 

209

 

 

$

167.41

 

 

7.9

 

$180.01 - $201.25

 

 

190

 

 

$

193.97

 

 

9.2

 

Total

 

 

939

 

 

$

146.27

 

 

 

7.7

 

 

11


MICROSTRATEGY INCORPORATED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited)

 

An aggregate of 36,25 0 stock options with an aggregate fair value of $2.5 million vested during the three months ended March 31, 2017.  Beginning January 1, 2017, the Company made an accounting policy election to prospectively account for forfeitures as t hey occur.   Therefore, share-based compensation expense has not been adjusted for any estimated forfeitures. Prior periods have not been restated.   The weighted average grant date fair value of stock option awards using the Black-Scholes pricing model wa s $77.31 for each share subject to a stock option granted during the three months ended March 31, 2017, based on the following assumptions:

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

Expected term of options in years

 

6.3

 

Expected volatility

 

 

37.8

%

Risk-free interest rate

 

 

2.3

%

Expected dividend yield

 

 

0.0

%

 

No stock option awards were granted during the three months ended March 31, 2016.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company recognized approximately $3.1 million and $1.5 million in share-based compensation expense from stock options granted under the 2013 Equity Plan. As of March 31, 2017, there was approximately $27.0 million of total unrecognized share-based compensation expense related to unvested stock options.  The Company expects to recognize this remaining share-based compensation expense over a weighted average vesting period of approximately 2.3 years.

During the three months ended March 31, 2016, the Company was able to recognize and utilize tax deductions related to equity compensation in excess of compensation recognized for financial reporting that was generated under the 2013 Equity Plan.  Accordingly, additional paid-in capital increased by $1.3 million during the three months ended March 31, 2016. Beginning January 1, 2017, excess tax benefits are no longer recognized as additional paid-in capital; instead, they are prospectively included within the provision for income taxes. Prior periods have not been restated.

During the three months ended March 31, 2016, the Company wrote off $1.6 million of deferred tax assets related to certain vested stock options that were no longer exercisable. Accordingly, additional paid-in capital decreased by $1.6 million during the three months ended March 31, 2016.  No such adjustment was made during the three months ended March 31, 2017.

During the three months ended March 31, 2016, the Company paid $3.7 million to tax authorities related to the net exercise of a stock option under the 2013 Equity Plan.  This payment resulted in a $3.7 million reduction to additional paid-in capital during the three months ended March 31, 2016.  No net exercises of stock options were made during the three months ended March 31, 2017.

 

 

(11) Common Equity and Earnings per Share

The Company has two classes of common stock: class A common stock and class B common stock.  Holders of class A common stock generally have the same rights, including rights to dividends, as holders of class B common stock, except that holders of class A common stock have one vote per share while holders of class B common stock have ten votes per share.  Each share of class B common stock is convertible at any time, at the option of the holder, into one share of class A common stock.  As such, basic and fully diluted earnings per share for class A common stock and for class B common stock are the same.  The Company has never declared or paid any cash dividends on either class A or class B common stock.  As of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, there were no shares of preferred stock issued or outstanding.

Potential shares of common stock are included in the diluted earnings per share calculation when dilutive.  Potential shares of common stock, consisting of common stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding stock options, are calculated using the treasury stock method.  Beginning January 1, 2017, excess tax benefits are no longer included in the calculation of diluted earnings per share, on a prospective basis.  For the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, stock options issued under the 2013 Equity Plan to purchase a weighted average of approximately 345,000 and 377,000 shares of class A common stock, respectively, were excluded from the diluted earnings per share calculation because their impact would have been anti-dilutive.

 

 

12


MICROSTRATEGY INCORPORATED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited)

 

(12) Segment Information

The Company manages its business in one reportable operating segment.  The Company’s one reportable operating segment is engaged in the design, development, marketing, and sales of its software platform through licensing arrangements and cloud-based subscriptions and related services.  The following table presents total revenues, gross profit, and long-lived assets, excluding long-term deferred tax assets, (in thousands) according to geographic region:

 

Geographic regions:

 

Domestic

 

 

EMEA

 

 

Other Regions

 

 

Consolidated

 

Three months ended March 31, 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total revenues

 

$

73,454

 

 

$

33,766

 

 

$

13,356

 

 

$

120,576

 

Gross profit

 

$

58,945

 

 

$

27,244

 

 

$

11,255

 

 

$

97,444

 

Three months ended March 31, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total revenues

 

$

72,007

 

 

$

35,672

 

 

$

11,336

 

 

$

119,015

 

Gross profit

 

$

57,583

 

 

$

28,882

 

 

$

9,727

 

 

$

96,192

 

As of March 31, 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-lived assets

 

$

63,966

 

 

$

3,096

 

 

$

1,386

 

 

$

68,448

 

As of December 31, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-lived assets

 

$

67,031

 

 

$

3,256

 

 

$

1,341

 

 

$

71,628

 

 

The domestic region consists of the United States and Canada.  The EMEA region includes operations in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa.  The other regions include all other foreign countries, generally comprising Latin America and the Asia Pacific region.  For the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, no individual foreign country accounted for 10% or more of total consolidated revenues.

For the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, no individual customer accounted for 10% or more of total consolidated revenues.

As of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, no individual foreign country accounted for 10% or more of total consolidated assets.

 

 

 

13


 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”).  For this purpose, any statements contained herein that are not statements of historical fact, including without limitation, certain statements regarding industry prospects and our results of operations or financial position, may be deemed to be forward-looking statements. Without limiting the foregoing, the words “believes,” “anticipates,” “plans,” “expects,” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. The important factors discussed under “Part II. Item 1A. Risk Factors,” among others, could cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated by forward-looking statements made herein and presented elsewhere by management from time to time.  Such forward-looking statements represent management’s current expectations and are inherently uncertain.  Investors are warned that actual results may differ from management’s expectations.

Overview

MicroStrategy ® is a leading worldwide provider of enterprise analytics and mobility software. Our mission is to provide enterprise customers with a world-class software platform and expert services so they can deploy unique intelligence applications.

MicroStrategy 10™ consolidates analytics and mobility in a single unified platform, available both as on-premise software and as a hosted service offering in MicroStrategy Cloud™.  Our enterprise platform combines traditional business intelligence functionality with data discovery, mobile analytics, and powerful identity intelligence generated by digital credentials.  MicroStrategy 10 builds on proven enterprise capabilities to make sophisticated, high-performance analytics more accessible, easier to use, and faster.  MicroStrategy 10 consists of MicroStrategy Analytics™, MicroStrategy Mobile™, and Usher™.

MicroStrategy Analytics empowers large organizations to analyze vast amounts of data and securely distribute actionable business insight throughout an enterprise, while also being able to cater to smaller workgroups and departmental use via MicroStrategy Desktop™.  MicroStrategy Analytics delivers reports and dashboards, and enables users to conduct ad hoc analysis and share insights anywhere, anytime, via mobile devices (via MicroStrategy Mobile) or the web (via MicroStrategy Web™).  It also combines the agility and productivity of self-service visual data discovery with the security, scalability, and governance features of enterprise-grade business intelligence.  MicroStrategy Analytics is available both as on-premise software and as a hosted service offering in MicroStrategy Cloud.

MicroStrategy Web is the primary interface for analysts, data scientists, consumers and developers, offering interactive reporting, dashboarding, and ad-hoc data discovery capabilities through a web browser. With MicroStrategy Web, a user can design and deliver dashboards across various styles of business intelligence, including scorecards, pixel-perfect documents and invoices, and interactive reports and statements, as well as for visual data discovery. MicroStrategy Web can also connect to a variety of data sources, and be used to build sophisticated advanced analytical models that may be inserted within dashboards and reports.  MicroStrategy reports and dashboards can be personalized and automatically delivered to thousands of users with MicroStrategy Server™’s advanced distribution capabilities. Web applications can also be extensively customized and embedded into other applications using MicroStrategy Web SDK for a branded experience.

MicroStrategy Desktop is a free, standalone, on-premise, single-user tool for fast, powerful, and easy-to-use self-service visual data discovery.  It enables business users to analyze and gain valuable insight and understanding into their organizations’ data by quickly creating stunning and useful visualizations and dashboards, without assistance from the IT department.  MicroStrategy Desktop can be readily downloaded and installed on a PC or Mac, making the power of MicroStrategy 10 easily available. MicroStrategy Desktop can be used while offline and while not connected to MicroStrategy Server, and can connect to the MicroStrategy Server when needed.

MicroStrategy Mobile is fully integrated into the MicroStrategy Analytics platform, so it is easy to leverage existing visualizations, reports and dashboards to instantly deploy mobile business intelligence. In addition, MicroStrategy Mobile extends beyond analytics to enable organizations to rapidly build custom mobile applications that deliver analytics combined with transactions, multimedia and mapping to support business workflows. The robust code-free application development platform is designed to reduce development costs and accelerate the deployment of native mobile business apps optimized for both iOS and Android™. Companies can build fully native iOS and Android apps that take advantage of the unique device and operating system capabilities (e.g., GPS/location, calendar, and camera) on those devices. MicroStrategy Mobile is an easy, fast, and cost-effective vehicle for mobilizing an organization’s information systems, including its data warehouses, business intelligence, ERP, CRM, and web applications that are currently accessible only on the desktop.  With MicroStrategy Mobile, businesses can transform their entire workforce into a connected and more productive mobile workforce using information-driven mobile apps that are significantly more robust and secure than their web-only counterparts.  With mobile access to critical corporate data and systems that drive the business, employees can have a virtual office in their hands at all times.  MicroStrategy Mobile is available both as on-premise software and as a hosted service offering in MicroStrategy Cloud.

14


 

Ushe r is an offering that provides a highly secure, convenient way for organizations to deliver a single mobile identity badge cryptographically linked to its owner’s smartphone and dynamically linked to an enterprise’s existing identity repositories – to it s constituents . Usher works on standard smartphones running on iOS or the Android platform, and boasts an Apple Watch ® integration.  Through the use of Bluetooth, QR codes, biometrics, push notifications, time-limited PIN codes, and other authentication m ethods, Usher users can log into applications, VPNs, and workstations, unlock doors and other physical gateways, and validate each other’s identities.   Usher users are also able to scan barcodes for asset tracking applications. In the Enterprise Internet o f Things paradigm, Usher serves as a digital twin for human assets. I nteractions between Usher users and enterprise resources generate real-time telemetry which can be efficiently harnessed in Usher Analytics , creating actionable intelligence. Usher can al so be used as a powerful enterprise productivity tool by enabling managers to gain insight into the location and activity of their distributed workforces. With the addition of Usher Professional™, managers can see user activity on a nearly real-time map an d can engage in two-way communication with users to manage or direct a workforce.   By delivering strong, multi-factor authentication that can be extended to nearly every corporate system, Usher’s digital credentials address some of the biggest challenges facing corporations today, including authentication, identity and access management, and resource authorization, while applying industry - leading business intelligence and analytics to an enterprise’s infrastructure. Usher i s available both as on-premise software and as a hosted service offering in MicroStrategy Cloud.

MicroStrategy Cloud is a platform for organizations that want to harness the power of data through our enterprise solutions via the cloud.  Compared to traditional on-premise approaches, MicroStrategy Cloud is architected to deliver best-of-breed MicroStrategy software via the cloud, with pre-configured, ready-to-go servers, coupled with the required supporting infrastructure with metadata databases, relational databases, and Big Data storage.  With MicroStrategy Cloud, customers can launch enterprise analytics environments within minutes and use the full MicroStrategy 10 offering on a subscription basis.

MicroStrategy Analytics, offered via the on-premise enterprise platform, MicroStrategy Mobile, and MicroStrategy Cloud, together with related product and support services, continue to generate the vast majority of our revenue. During the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, we did not generate significant revenues from Usher.

The following table sets forth certain operating highlights (in thousands) for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Product licenses

 

$

21,012

 

 

$

22,399

 

Subscription services

 

 

7,772

 

 

 

7,354

 

Total product licenses and subscription services

 

 

28,784

 

 

 

29,753

 

Product support

 

 

70,490

 

 

 

68,497

 

Other services

 

 

21,302

 

 

 

20,765

 

Total revenues

 

 

120,576

 

 

 

119,015

 

Cost of revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Product licenses

 

 

1,672

 

 

 

2,136

 

Subscription services

 

 

3,039

 

 

 

3,092

 

Total product licenses and subscription services

 

 

4,711

 

 

 

5,228

 

Product support

 

 

4,334

 

 

 

3,273

 

Other services

 

 

14,087

 

 

 

14,322

 

Total cost of revenues

 

 

23,132

 

 

 

22,823

 

Gross profit

 

 

97,444

 

 

 

96,192

 

Operating expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sales and marketing

 

 

39,410

 

 

 

36,577

 

Research and development

 

 

18,426

 

 

 

17,575

 

General and administrative

 

 

20,257

 

 

 

22,219

 

Restructuring costs

 

 

0

 

 

 

25

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

78,093

 

 

 

76,396

 

Income from operations

 

$

19,351

 

 

$

19,796

 

 

15


 

The analytics market is highly competitive and our results of operations depend on our ability to market and sell offerings that provide customers with greater value than those offered by our competitors.  Our success depends on the effectiveness with which we can differentiate our prod ucts from both large software vendors that provide products across multiple lines of business, including one or more products that directly compete with our products, and other analytics vendors across large, mid-sized, and small opportunities.

Organizations recently have sought, and we expect may continue to seek, to standardize their various analytics applications around a single software platform.  This trend presents both opportunities and challenges for our business.  It offers us the opportunity to increase the size of transactions with new customers and to expand the size of our analytics installations with existing customers.  On the other hand, it presents the challenge that we may not be able to penetrate accounts that a competitor has penetrated or in which a competitor is the incumbent analytics provider.

The market for mobile business apps is rapidly changing, highly competitive, and complex with many competitors and different offerings ranging from fully custom-coded applications to plug-and-play solutions.  While organizations vary greatly in their approach to, and pace of adoption of, mobile solutions, they are increasingly accelerating the transition of their businesses onto mobile devices, such as tablets and smartphones.  Over the next few years, we expect that organizations will continue to construct their information and systems to take advantage of the efficiencies and cost savings of mobile computing.  Ultimately, we expect that the majority of routine business tasks and workflows will become available as mobile-optimized touch-enabled apps.

In addition, there is increased market demand for analysis of a wider variety of data sources, including sensor data, social data, Web log data, and other data types. These new data sources are driving massive increases in the volume of data that can potentially be analyzed (these large scale data sets are known as “Big Data”), which in turn is accelerating development of new storage technologies like Hadoop and NoSQL databases. The demand for analytics on Big Data represents an opportunity for us, as it opens up new potential applications and use cases for our technology. It also creates a challenge as we will need to continually enhance our technology to support emerging data sources, deliver faster performance necessary to support analysis of Big Data, and support analysis of a wider variety of data types, such as unstructured, semi-structured, and streaming data.

We have undertaken multiple initiatives to address these opportunities and challenges, including:

 

releasing MicroStrategy 10, which consolidates analytics and mobility in a single unified platform;

 

making our MicroStrategy Desktop product freely available to new and existing users, which helps to increase the penetration of the product into existing and prospective accounts, increase public awareness, and generate upsell opportunities for us by seeding the need for bigger enterprise capabilities like pixel-perfect dashboards, automated distribution, governance and security, all of which are available with our enterprise platform;

 

continuing to drive the adoption of our free MicroStrategy Desktop product to existing MicroStrategy Web users, who can seamlessly connect MicroStrategy Desktop to their existing projects, download dashboards from the server to MicroStrategy Desktop, work locally or offline, and use more capabilities and features, including data discovery and data wrangling;

 

partnering with modern technology companies like Automated Insights and Narrative Science to deliver Natural Language Generation (NLG) capabilities, making the product easier to use for a broader set of end users;

 

introducing new features (such as Data Connector API and Push API), which make it easier for technology partners, including Alation, Microsoft, and others, to connect their technologies to MicroStrategy and can expand our joint-customer base with these technology partners;

 

improving access to MicroStrategy 10 via easy-to-access trial and evaluation versions of products on our website;

 

providing easy connection to over 80 different data sources and certifications to the latest gateways to help ensure improved access to data in various formats;

 

improving access to MicroStrategy Analytics through MicroStrategy Cloud, optimally configured to be scalable and elastic, ready to grow with an enterprise’s cloud applications, and built to scale to meet usage spikes from a user’s analytics and mobile apps;

 

enhancing our ability to support new enterprise-scale requirements for analytics, where we are currently a technology leader, with a focus on supporting more varied database platforms, providing higher performance and reliability with features like work and user fencing, and providing greater ability to manage and administer large-scale analytics projects;

 

extending our technology to provide greater support for the latest trend in self-service analytics, which is often referred to as “governed data discovery” or “agile analytics,” by adding new user workflows, new visualizations, new exploration features, and new self-service capabilities for the preparation of data;

16


 

 

enhancing our mobile application platform for creating and deploying analytics applications to the expanding community of mobile device users; and

 

maintaining a dedicated performance engineering team and conducting research and development focused on providing our customers with the highest levels of performance for analytics applications of all sizes and for security solutions.

As of March 31, 2017, we had a total of 2,162 employees, of whom 1,058 were based in the United States and 1,104 were based internationally.  Of our 2,162 employees, 620 were engaged in sales and marketing, 522 in research and development, 714 in subscription, product support, consulting, and education services, and 306 in finance, administration, and corporate operations.  The following table summarizes employee headcount, as of the dates indicated:

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2016

 

 

2016

 

 

2017

 

Subscription services

 

 

37

 

 

 

48

 

 

 

41

 

Product support

 

 

135

 

 

 

171

 

 

 

185

 

Consulting

 

 

455

 

 

 

453

 

 

 

447

 

Education

 

 

31

 

 

 

39

 

 

 

41

 

Sales and marketing

 

 

531

 

 

 

587

 

 

 

620

 

Research and development

 

 

499

 

 

 

512

 

 

 

522

 

General and administrative

 

 

317

 

 

 

323

 

 

 

306

 

Total headcount

 

 

2,005

 

 

 

2,133

 

 

 

2,162

 

 

We lease approximately 214,000 square feet of office space at a location in Northern Virginia that began serving as our corporate headquarters in October 2010. Our lease for this property expires in December 2020. We recognize lease expense on continuing operating leases ratably over the term of the lease.

As discussed in Note 10, Share-based Compensation, to the Consolidated Financial Statements, we have outstanding stock options to purchase shares of our class A common stock under our 2013 Equity Plan.  Share-based compensation expense (in thousands) from these stock option awards was recognized in the following operating expense line items in our Consolidated Statements of Operations for the periods indicated: